The 1881 Smallpox Epidemic – Princess Liliʻuokalani Uses Diplomacy to Navigate a Crisis​​​​​​​


Liliʻuokalani, 1887, Hawaiʻi State Archives  

The rise of a smallpox epidemic in Hawaiʻi in 1881 prompted Regent Liliʻuokalani to collaborate with her cabinet and the Board of Health to impose strict quarantine regulations, travel restrictions, and vaccination mandates on the Kingdom, stirring controversies among foreigners and Native Hawaiians regarding the validity of her directives. Employing diplomatic messaging empathetically to address the conflict, Liliʻuokalani settled the controversies and was successful in effectively ending the spread of disease, her actions setting a precedent for the management of future diseases in Hawaiʻi.

Chancen Law, Kamalu Ohara, Landon Choy

Senior Group Website

Student-Composed Word Count: 1191

Process Paper Word Count: 494

Multimedia Time: 30 seconds